Shoulder Pain Causes and Treatment

Sunday, Nov 26,2017

Your shoulder joint is made up of three bones: your upper arm bone (humerus), your shoulder blade (scapula) and your collarbone (clavicle). Your bones are surrounded by muscles and tendons which keep your bones in place. This allows for a large range of mobility, but with a price to pay as stability is limited. Because of this, it is easy to damage your shoulder and can cause pain. You may either feel pain all the time or only when you move your shoulder. If the pain is temporary, it can be managed and should go away with time but if it persists, then you would need to get a medical diagnosis and the corresponding treatment done.

What causes shoulder pain?

  • Bursitis
    • Excessive use of shoulder can lead to inflammation and swelling of your small, fluid-filled sacs known as bursae. They are in the joints of your body and provide cushioning and decrease the friction between your bones.
  • Tendinitis
    • A tendon is a connection between your muscle and bone. Tendinitis can be caused by the wearing down of your tendon from overuse.
    • It can be acute (caused by overhead activities during work or playing sport) or chronic (caused by degenerative diseases like arthritis or age).
  • Impingement
    • Occurs when the top of your shoulder puts pressure on the underlying soft tissues, as the arm is lifted away from the body. This can lead to bursitis and tendinitis.
  • Instability
    • Shoulder instability occurs when the head of the upper arm bone is forced out of the shoulder socket. This can happen because of a sudden injury or from overuse.
  • Arthritis
    • Can be caused by sport or work injuries and chronic wear and tear, infection, or an inflammation of the joint lining.
  • Fracture
    • Fractures are broken bones, which can occur from falls, motor vehicle accidents and contact sports injuries. 

How to treat shoulder pain?

In the case of an acute injury causing intense pain, seek medical care as soon as possible. If the pain is less severe, it may be safe to rest a few days to see if time will resolve the problem. If symptoms persist, see a doctor.

Your doctor will conduct a thorough evaluation in order to determine the cause of your shoulder pain and provide you with treatment options.

Treatment generally involves rest, altering your activities, and physical therapy to help you improve shoulder strength and flexibility. Home solutions such as avoiding overexertion or overdoing activities in which you normally do not participate can help to prevent shoulder pain.

The physiotherapists at Alpha are proficient in treating shoulder related injuries and prescribing certain exercises to improve flexibility and range of motion. We also have TLC laser which is not only safe but excellent for reducing muscle inflammation and accelerating tissue repair for any part of the body!

Hurry and don’t delay booking your free consultation at any one of our locations in Brampton, Milton or Etobicoke!









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